The sender’s responsibilities
The sender is responsible for ensuring that the substances and objects have been classified, packed and labeled correctly and that the necessary documentation has been submitted in compliance with the regulations regarding the Transport of Dangerous Goods. The document should contain the following details about the dangerous substance or object:
1. UN code (UN and four digits, e.g. UN1993)
The necessary information can be found in the Material Safety Data Sheet for the substance, under Section 14. Transport information. You can request the Material Safety Data Sheet from the manufacturer or the importer.
2. The proper shipping name of the object or substance (e.g. FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S.)
When necessary, the shipping name is complemented with a technical name supplied in parentheses. This is provided for a classification with the special provision 274. E.g. FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S. (ETHANOL)
3. Warning label numbers (e.g. 3)
When more than one label model numbers are given, teh numbers following the first shall be in brackets. E.g. 3 (6.1, 8)
4. Packing group, where assigned (I, II or III)
5. Tunnel restriction code, where assigned (e.g. D)
6. Quantity of dangerous goods
- For objects and equipment, the gross mass in kilograms (for Class 1 objects and equipment, the net mass of the explosive in kilograms). For dangerous substances in machines and devices specified in these regulations, the total quantity of the substance in kilograms or liters.
- For solids, liquefied gases, frozen liquefied gases and dissolved gases, the net mass in kilograms.
- For liquids, the total amount of dangerous substance in liters.
- For compressed gases, adsorbed gases and chemicals under pressure, the capacity of the container in liters.
For items packed in limited quantity (LQ), the above information about substances/goods is not required, only an LQ gross mass notification. The transport document must include the text "Vaarallisia aineita pakattuna rajoitetussa määrin XX KG" (Dangerous goods packed in limited quantities, XX kg) or "LQ bruttomassa XX KG" (LQ gross mass XX kg). When using Posti's address-labeled service, the use of the additional service LQ Transport is required. The gross mass is included on the EDI message and the following text is printed on the address label: "LQ Transport xx KPL XX KG" (LQ Limited quantity xx PCS XX KG). "KPL" refers to the number of LQ parcels or transport units included in a multi-parcel shipment batch, and "KG" is the gross mass of the products in kilograms.
Dangerous goods transport document
The regulations regarding the Transport of Dangerous Goods do not specify the layout of the document in more detail. The items 1-5 above must be in the order given. Other information must not be placed between them.
NB: The transport documents for explosives and radioactive materials need to contain more detailed information than what is described above. For further information, see the sections on transport of dangerous goods on the websites of the Ministry of Transport and Communications and the Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi.